9 Innovations in Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

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In a few short decades, type 2 diabetes research and technological breakthroughs have brought about significant advancements in how the condition is treated and managed. Here are some of the top innovations that are helping people with type 2 diabetes better manage the condition today.

1. Insulin pumps The first insulin pump came on the market in 1974, according to an article published in June 2020 in the journal Diabetes Therapy. If you have type 2 diabetes and have to inject insulin multiple times a day, a pump is an alternative to self-injection. “An insulin pump is a medical device that delivers insulin into the tissue just underneath the skin,” says Megan Porter, RD, CDCES, a certified diabetes educator in Portland, Oregon.

This computerized device, which is about the size of a deck of cards, can be worn around your waist, put in a pocket, secured with an armband, or attached to a belt or bra. “Some pumps deliver the insulin continuously, and others only deliver the insulin at meals or large snacks,” adds Porter. An insulin pump can also be more convenient if you’re out or at work, because all you may need to do is push a button to deliver the insulin instead of prepping a syringe and giving yourself a shot.

2. Continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) These devices have a tiny sensor that is placed below the surface of the skin to measure the amount of glucose in the fluid between cells every few minutes and transmit the data wirelessly to a device or your smartphone.

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